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Chapter 8

Internet: Online Surfing

Class 6 - APC Understanding Computer Studies


Write down the full forms of the following

Question 1

WWW

Answer

World Wide Web

Question 2

ISP

Answer

Internet Service Provider

Question 3

URL

Answer

Uniform Resource Locator

Question 4

HTTP

Answer

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

Question 5

HTML

Answer

Hyper Text Markup Language

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

You need your e-mail ID and the password to open your mail box on a website.

Question 2

An e-mail address is composed of a username, a host and a site.

Question 3

The address of a web page is called the Uniform Resource Locator.

Question 4

In a web address, the host and the type of site together is called the domain.

Question 5

Web browser is a software used for accessing any information on the world wide web.

Question 6

Offline means your Internet service is disconnected and you cannot browse.

Question 7

The mail received from an unknown source is called spam.

Question 8

Podcasting is an act of creating and uploading audio files on a website.

Question 9

Blog can be defined as a journal or a diary maintained online.

Question 10

E-commerce means buying and selling of products online.

Name the following

Question 1

Two websites

Answer

  1. www.google.com
  2. www.amazon.com

Question 2

Web addresses of two websites

Answer

  1. http://www.google.com
  2. http://www.yahoo.com

Question 3

Two commonly used web browsers

Answer

  1. Internet Explorer
  2. Google Chrome

Question 4

Two search engines

Answer

  1. Google
  2. Yahoo

Name the type of websites

Question 1

.edu

Answer

Educational Institutions

Question 2

.org

Answer

Non-profit organizations

Question 3

.com

Answer

Commercial sites

Question 4

.gov

Answer

Government organizations

Write short notes on the following

Question 1

The Internet

Answer

The term 'Internet' stands for International Network. It is a global network which has revolutionised communication in today's world by allowing the sharing of large amounts of information. It also connects people from different parts of the world.

Question 2

E-mail

Answer

Electronic mail is a method of exchanging digital messages. It accepts, forwards, delivers and stores messages on the behalf of users, who only need to connect to the e-mail infrastructure.

Question 3

Search Engine

Answer

Search engine is a tool that searches the Internet to find information on the basis of the keywords provided by the user. For example- Google, Yahoo etc.

Question 4

Online Shopping

Answer

Online shopping can be defined as purchasing of products or getting services over the Internet. It is done through an online shop, e-shop or e-store. In this process, all products are described through text with photos or with multimedia files.

Question 5

Blog

Answer

A blog is a journal or a diary that is maintained online. It is a platform that allows you to share your thoughts among people worldwide. A blog is like a website that one can keep updating on a regular basis.

Question 6

Podcasting

Answer

Podcasting is an act of creating and uploading audio files on a website. The audio files can even be stored ina digital device called an I-pod.

Question 7

E-commerce

Answer

E-commerce refers to the buying and selling of products and services online. It also refers to the transmitting of funds through the Internet.

Question 8

Electronic Transfer

Answer

Electronic transfer or NEFT facilitates the transfer of funds to other bank accounts across the country instantly. It is a simple, secure, safe, fast and cost-effective way to transfer funds.

Long Answer Questions

Question 1

What are the uses of the Internet?

Answer

The common uses of Internet are as follows:

  1. We can access information about anything on the Internet.
  2. We can send messages, greetings, etc. to our friends and relatives by using an e-mail.
  3. We can watch movies and play games on the Internet.
  4. We can chat on the Internet and make new friends.
  5. We can buy things on the Internet.

Question 2

An e-mail address is composed of three main parts. Explain them.

Answer

An e-mail is composed of the following three parts-

  1. Username- It can be any name that one chooses, provided it is not already in use by somebody else in your domain.
    Username is followed by a symbol @ which separates the username from the rest of the e-mail address.

  2. Host- This is the name of the server which receives and sends e-mail messages. For example- Google.

  3. Site- The extreme right-hand side of an e-mail address specifies the type of site. For example- .com.

Question 3

Give three advantages and three disadvantages of an e-mail.

Answer

Advantages of e-mail:

  1. It is one of the fastest ways of communication where messages can be sent anywhere around the world in an instant.
  2. It is cheap.
  3. It is simple and very easy to use.

Disadvantages of e-mail:

  1. E-mails require both the sender and the receiver to have an e-mail address and access to a device that has an Internet connection.
  2. E-mail attachments can contain viruses.
  3. E-mail can be impersonal and easily misunderstood by people.

Question 4

What is Google Drive? Write down all the steps to upload a file on a Google Drive.

Answer

Google drive is a storage space provided by Google. This is a cyber space which is like the hard disk of your computer and where you can store your files and folders. The files in the Google Drive can be easily sent or shared to other devices/persons.

To upload a file on a Google Drive, follow these steps:

Step 1: Let the file to be uploaded be available on the computer's desktop where the Google Drive icon is available.

Step 2: Click the file to be uploaded, drag and drop it on the Google Drive icon.

Step 3: The file will be uploaded into the Google Drive.

Question 5

What are the advantages and disadvantages of online shopping?

Answer

Advantages of online shopping-

  1. Online stores are open 24X7 throughout the year.
  2. You can choose goods that fit your budget.
  3. You can shop both at work and at home provided you have access to the Internet.
  4. Online stores give many discounts and a better price for goods as compared to conventional shopping.
  5. There is no need for vehicles and hence, unnecessary fuel consumption is saved.

Disadvantages of online shopping-

  1. It doesn't have any interaction with the dealer.
  2. Items are to be selected within the availability.
  3. Special offers are to be availed within the time mentioned by the dealer.
  4. Sometimes, it becomes time consuming as there is confusion in selecting the goods.
  5. The booking of an item is totally dependent on the network connectivity.
  6. You can't touch, see and test the product.
  7. It mainly caters to urban areas.

Question 6

Explain the purpose of using a blog.

Answer

The purposes of using a blog are as follows:

  1. Blogs serve as a platform for people to voice their ideas, thoughts and feelings.
  2. Blogs help to educate others who are interested in the field in which the author has expertise.
  3. Blogs can also be used as a teaching tool.
  4. Blogs are a great way to build awareness and support, especially on social issues.
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