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Term 1 — Chapter 5

Europe — Location and Physical Features

Class 7 - Around the World Geography Solutions


Get Set

Question 1

Rearrange the letters to get the names of a few countries of Europe.

  1. TSARUIA
  2. YRGMANE
  3. ZDRSWETINLA
  4. RYNWAO
  5. KEAUNIR
  6. AODPLN

Answer

Sl.
No.
CountryCapital
1.AUSTRIAVienna
2.GERMANYBerlin
3.SWITZERLANDBern
4.NORWAYOslo
5.UKRAINEKiev
6.POLANDWarsaw

Quick Quiz

Question 1

Which mountains separate Europe from Asia?

Answer

The Ural mountains in the east and Caucasus mountains in the south-east separate Europe from Asia.

Question 2

The British Isles comprise ............... and ............... .

Answer

The British Isles comprise United Kingdom and Ireland .

Question 3

(Andorra/Serbia) is one of the tiny nations of Europe.

Answer

Andorra is one of the tiny nations of Europe.

Question 4

Europe is divided into four physical divisions. Name them.

Answer

Europe is divided into four physical divisions. They are:

  1. The north-western highlands
  2. The north European plains
  3. The central uplands
  4. The Alpine mountain system

Question 5

The plains of Lombardy are part of the north-western highlands. True or false?

Answer

False

Corrected Statement — The plains of Lombardy are part of the north European plains.

Tick the correct answers

Question 1

Europe is separated from Africa by the Strait of

  1. Gibraltar
  2. Messina
  3. Bonifacio
  4. Bosphorus

Answer

Gibraltar

Question 2

Which of these countries is not a part of the Benelux Countries?

  1. Belgium
  2. Belarus
  3. The Netherlands
  4. Luxembourg

Answer

Belarus

Explanation— Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg are called the Benelux Countries ('Be' for Belgium, 'ne' for the Netherlands and 'lux' for Luxembourg).

Question 3

Which of these central uplands is located in Spain?

  1. Meseta
  2. Black Forest
  3. Vosges
  4. Ardennes

Answer

Meseta

Question 4

............... is the highest peak of Europe.

  1. Mont Blanc
  2. Mt Matterhorn
  3. Mt Vesuvius
  4. Mt Elbrus

Answer

Mt Elbrus

Question 5

Which of these lakes is not found in Europe?

  1. Vanern
  2. Como
  3. Titicaca
  4. Ladoga

Answer

Titicaca

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

Europe is separated from Asia by the ............... sea.

Answer

Europe is separated from Asia by the Caspian sea.

Question 2

The northern part of the north-western highlands is called the ............... .

Answer

The northern part of the north-western highlands is called the Fennoscandian Shield.

Question 3

The Apennine Mountains are located in ............... .

Answer

The Apennine Mountains are located in the peninsula of Italy .

Question 4

The longest river of Europe is ............... .

Answer

The longest river of Europe is the Volga .

Question 5

............... is called the 'Land of Thousand lakes'.

Answer

Finland is called the 'Land of Thousand lakes'.

Match the columns

Question 1

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.ThamesBaltic State
2.EstoniaGermany
3.Plains of LombardySpain
4.Black ForestItaly
5.Sierra NevadaEngland

Answer

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.ThamesEngland
2.EstoniaBaltic State
3.Plains of LombardyItaly
4.Black ForestGermany
5.Sierra NevadaSpain

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

Europe is called the 'peninsula of peninsulas'.

Answer

Europe looks like a peninsula extending westwards of the Asiatic landmass. Large arms of the seas have penetrated deep into the land and have created smaller peninsulas. That is why Europe is called the 'peninsula of peninsulas'.

Question 2

The rivers of eastern Europe are not as useful as the rivers of western Europe.

Answer

The rivers of eastern Europe are not as useful as the rivers of western Europe since most of the eastern rivers freeze in winter and do not provide inland waterways throughout the year like western rivers.

Answer these questions

Question 1

Describe the location and extent of Europe. Name the water bodies which surround Europe.

Answer

Europe lies entirely in the north temperate zone. It extends from about 36°N latitude in the south to 72°N latitude in the north and from about 10°W longitude in the west to 60°E longitude in the east.

Europe is surrounded by water bodies on three sides. The Arctic Ocean lies to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Question 2

Which countries are called the Balkans?

Answer

Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, European part of Turkey, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia are called the Balkans.

Question 3

Write a short note on the north European plains. Write the names of three important rivers which flow through this region.

Answer

North European plains are vast areas of low, flat and gently rolling plains extending from the Ural Mountains in the east to the Atlantic Ocean coast in the west. Their westward extension is in the British Isles. These plains are broad in the eastern part, in Russia, and narrows down towards the west. North European plains consist of Great Hungarian Plain in Hungary, the Plains of Lombardy in Italy and the Plains of Andalusia in Spain. At some places, hills have been eroded into basins, like the Paris Basin in france.

Three important rivers which flow through this region are:

  1. Rhine
  2. Volga
  3. Danube

Question 4

Where are the central uplands located? Name four uplands which are part of the central uplands.

Answer

Central uplands lie between the north European plains and the Alpine mountain system. They stretch from the Atlantic Ocean coast of Spain in the west, through France, Germany and Poland.

Four uplands which are part of the central uplands are:

  1. The Meseta in Spain
  2. The Massif Central and the Vosges in France
  3. The Black Forest in Germany
  4. The Ardennes in Belgium

Question 5

Which mountains are found in the western and eastern parts of the Alpine mountain system?

Answer

Mountains found in the western part of the Alpine mountain system are:

  1. The Alps Mountains which form the centre of the Alpine mountain system and spread over most of Switzerland, and parts of Austria, France, Germany and Italy.
  2. The Pyrenees Mountains which is located between Spain and France.
  3. The Cantabrian Mountains which is located in northern Spain.
  4. The Sierra Nevada Mountains which is located in southern Spain.
  5. The Apennines Mountains which lie in the peninsula of Italy.

Mountains found in the eastern part of the Alpine mountain system are:

  1. The Carpathian Mountains which form the northern branch of Alpine mountain system.
  2. The Balkan Mountains which form the northern branch of Alpine mountain system.
  3. The Dinaric Alps Mountains which form the southern branch of Alpine mountain system.
  4. The Caucasus Mountains which are located on the eastern side of the Alpine mountain system.

Question 6

How did the lakes in Europe form? Write the name of one lake each located in Russia, Switzerland, Italy and Sweden.

Answer

Glaciation during the Ice Age has formed many lakes in Europe.

Lakes located in Russia, Switzerland, Italy and Sweden are:

  1. Russia - Lake Ladoga
  2. Switzerland - Lake Geneva
  3. Italy - Lake Como
  4. Sweden - Lake Vanern
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