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Term 2 — Chapter 5

Case Study — Cocoa Cultivation in Ghana

Class 7 - Around the World Geography Solutions


Get Set

Question 1

Chocolate is made from cocoa. The cocoa is obtained from the cacao tree. Similarly, the products given below are also obtained from plants. Match the products with their sources.

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.chewing gumgrapes
2.ketchuporchid
3.vanillachicle
4.colatomato
5.raisinskola nut

Answer

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.chewing gumchicle
2.ketchuptomato
3.vanillaorchid
4.colakola nut
5.raisinsgrapes

Quick Quiz

Question 1

Cacao is made from the beans of cocoa tree. True or False?

Answer

True

Question 2

Name the major cocoa-producing regions

Answer

The main cocoa-producing regions are in the countries bordering the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa, south-east Asia, eastern Brazil, and the Caribbean mainland and a few islands.

Question 3

Ghana's economy is based on (food-/cash-) crop agriculture.

Answer

Ghana’s economy is based on cash-crop agriculture.

Question 4

The ............... wind is harmful for cocoa cultivation.

Answer

The Harmattan wind is harmful for cocoa cultivation.

Question 5

What is the colour of cocoa pods?

Answer

The colour of cocoa pods is bright yellow.

Fill in the blanks with the correct answers

Question 1

The world’s largest cocoa-producing country is ...............

  1. Venezuela
  2. Malaysia
  3. Ghana
  4. Nigeria

Answer

Ghana

Question 2

............... is the capital of Ghana.

  1. Cairo
  2. Accra
  3. Harare
  4. Tripoli

Answer

Accra

Question 3

The cacao tree needs ............... and ............... climate.

  1. hot, dry
  2. cold, dry
  3. cold, wet
  4. hot, wet

Answer

hot, wet

Question 4

The ripe cocoa pods are harvested by ...............

  1. tumbadors
  2. jackaroos
  3. gauchos
  4. cowboys

Answer

tumbadors

Question 5

A ............... is used to split open the cocoa pods.

  1. sword
  2. machete
  3. nut-cracker
  4. sickle

Answer

machete

Write True or False

Question 1

Cacao tree is a native of Central and South Asia.

Answer

False

Corrected statement — Cacao tree is a native of Central and South America.

Question 2

Ghana is located in the temperate region, and hence provides suitable climate for cocoa cultivation.

Answer

False

Corrected statement — Ghana is located in the tropical region, and hence provides suitable climate for cocoa cultivation.

Question 3

Cacao is cultivated on large farms.

Answer

False

Corrected statement — Cacao is cultivated on small farms.

Question 4

Cacao seeds are first grown in nurseries and then transplanted in the farms.

Answer

True

Question 5

Cacao powder is obtained by grinding cocoa-nibs.

Answer

True

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

The cacao trees are pruned to a height of about six metres.

Answer

The cacao tree, when mature, grows to a height of about nine metres but the trees are pruned to a height of about six metres so that the cocoa pods can be plucked easily.

Question 2

There has been decrease in cocoa production in Ghana.

Answer

There has been decrease in cocoa production in Ghana due to following reasons:

  1. predominance of old trees
  2. lack of disease control
  3. bad farm management
  4. lack of government incentives

Answer these questions

Question 1

Name five cocoa-producing countries.

Answer

The five cocoa-producing countries are —

  1. Ghana
  2. Togo
  3. Nigeria
  4. Indonesia
  5. Malaysia.

Question 2

Mention the climatic and soil conditions required for the growth of cacao trees.

Answer

Climatic requirements

  1. The cocoa trees need hot and wet climate but temperature should not exceed 27°C.
  2. Annual rainfall should be about 150 cm and it should be well distributed throughout the year.
  3. The trees can tolerate a short dry season but are sensitive to prolonged droughts.
  4. The cacao tress when young require much heat but it should be protected from direct sunlight.
  5. Strong winds are harmful as they may blow away unripe pods.

Soil conditions

  1. The cocoa trees can grown on a wide range of soils, provided they are fairly deep and well drained.
  2. Loamy soil is ideal.

Question 3

During which times of the year is cocoa harvested?

Answer

There are two harvesting seasons. The more important one is during the dry season, i.e. from September to January. The other harvesting season, known as the mid-crop, is from May to July.

Question 4

Why are cocoa beans fermented?

Answer

Fermentation removes the unpleasant bitter taste of the fresh beans and also stops the seeds from germinating. During this process the typical chocolate flavour develops and the beans become brown.

Question 5

How is cocoa-butter made? How is it useful?

Answer

The cocoa beans are cleaned and roasted. The roasted beans are run through a machine which cracks them. The leftover kernels are called cocoa-nibs. The cocoa-nibs are ground to powder. The heat produced due to grinding melts the cocoa-fat, also called cocoa-butter.

The cocoa-butter is useful for making chocolates. It is also an important raw material for the manufacture of cosmetics, drugs and some chemicals.

Question 6

Name five countries where cocoa beans are exported.

Answer

Five countries where cocoa beans are exported are —

  1. The USA
  2. Germany
  3. The Netherlands
  4. France
  5. Spain
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