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Civics — Chapter 2

Directive Principles of State Policy

Class 7 - Effective History & Civics Solutions


Fill in the blanks

Question 1

The Directive Principles of State Policy were borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland.

Question 2

The Directive Principles are contained in Part IV of the Constitution of India.

Question 3

The Directive Principles are not justiciable in any court of law.

Question 4

Equal pay for equal work has been ensured by the government by formulating the minimum wages act of 1948.

Question 5

The Directive Principles aim at establishing a welfare state.

Question 6

If a person is denied access to a public place, the Right to Freedom is violated.

Question 7

The Fundamental Rights are justiciable in a court of law.

Question 8

If a person's Fundamental Rights are violated he can move the court under the Right to constitutional remedies.

Match the following

Question 1

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.Economic Principles(a) Enforceable in the court of law.
2.Gandhian Principles(b) Provide adequate means of livelihood for all.
3.Directive Principles(c) Establish Village Panchayats as units of local self governments.
4.Fundamental Rights(d) Guidelines for the government to follow in the governance of the country.

Answer

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.Economic Principles(b) Provide adequate means of livelihood for all.
2.Gandhian Principles(c) Establish Village Panchayats as units of local self governments.
3.Directive Principles(d) Guidelines for the government to follow in the governance of the country.
4.Fundamental Rights(a) Enforceable in the court of law.

Picture Study

Question 1

Study the picture and answer the following questions:

Study the picture and answer the questions. Mention any two ideas of Gandhiji included in the Directive Principles of State Policy. Explain briefly how the Gandhian Principles related to education and Panchayati Raj are being implemented by the government. Directive Principles of State Policy, Effective History and Civics Solutions ICSE Class 7.

(a) Mention any two ideas of Gandhiji included in the Directive Principles of State Policy.

(b) Explain briefly how the Gandhian Principles related to education and Panchayati Raj are being implemented by the government.

Answer

(a) Two ideas of Gandhiji included in the Directive Principles of State Policy are:

  1. Establish Village Panchayats as units of local self-government.
  2. Promote cottage industries in an individual and cooperative basis in rural areas.

(b) Following are the steps taken by the government for the implementation of Gandhian Principle related to education and Panchayati Raj:

  1. Most of the state governments have government aided schools where children up to 14 years of age are provided with free and compulsory education.
  2. In accordance with the Gandhian Principles, Panchayati Raj has been established in the villages to promote the idea of local-self-government.

Answer the following questions

Question 1

What are Directive Principles of State Policy? Which part of the Constitution contains these Principles?

Answer

The Directive Principles of State Policy are the guidelines for the government to follow in the governance of the country. Through these principles the Constitution has tried to establish India as Welfare state.

The Directive Principles of State Policy are provided in Part-IV of the Constitution.

Question 2

Mention the categories into which the Directive Principles of State Policy can be divided.

Answer

The categories into which the Directive Principles of State Policy can be divided are:

  1. Protection of Environment and Monuments
  2. Economic Principles
  3. Gandhian or Socialist Principles
  4. Law, Justice and Administration
  5. Principles for International Peace and Security.

Question 3

Mention two directive principles related to protection of environment and monuments.

Answer

Two directive principles related to protection of environment and monuments are:

  1. To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wildlife.
  2. To protect monuments from destruction, disfigurement, removal, disposal or export.

Question 4

Mention any three measures taken by the Government for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State policy?

Answer

Three measures taken by the Government for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State policy are:

  1. Most of the state governments have government aided schools where children up to 14 years of Age are provided with free and compulsory education.
  2. Untouchability has been abolished and its practice in any form is a punishable offence.
  3. Panchayati Raj has been established in the villages to promote the idea of local-self-government.

Question 5

Explain the three important differences between the Directive Principles of State policy and Fundamental Rights.

Answer

Following are the three important differences between the Directive Principles of State policy and Fundamental Rights:

Directive PrinciplesFundamental Rights
The Directive Principles of State policy are not justiciable or enforceable by any court of law. This means that one cannot go to court against the government regarding the implementation of the Directive Principles.Fundamental rights are justiciable which means that citizens can seek protection from court if their Fundamental Rights are violated.
Directive Principles are mere directions to the State to attain certain set objectives.Fundamental Rights are a certain kind of restriction on the State.
The scope of Directive Principles is wider as they deal with wide range of subjects including international peace and security.Fundamental Rights have limited scope as they are concerned with individual's rights.
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