KnowledgeBoat Logo
OPEN IN APP

Term 2 — Chapter 5

India — Human Resources

Class 8 - Around the World Geography Solutions


Get Set

Question 1

Name the states of north-east India which are moderately populated.

Answer

Assam and Tripura

Question 2

The states which are part of the northern plains are densely populated. True or false?

Answer

True

Question 3

Name two states which have the maximum rural population.

Answer

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

Question 4

Name the state that have maximum urban population.

Answer

Maharashtra

Question 5

Name the states that have sex ratio up to 900 females per 1000 males.

Answer

Haryana and Punjab

Quick Quiz 1

Question 1

The education and skills of human beings enable them to convert raw materials into useful articles. True or False?

Answer

True

Question 2

Define human skills.

Answer

The capacity and capability of human beings to produce useful goods is known as human skills.

Question 3

The fertile plains of India have ............... density of population.

Answer

high

Question 4

About (70/30) per cent of the population in India live in towns and cities.

Answer

30 per cent

Question 5

Name the state with the lowest sex ratio.

Answer

Haryana, with a sex ratio of 879/1000 is the state with the lowest sex ratio.

Fill in the blanks with words from the brackets

Question 1

Nowadays, more emphasis is given to human ............... (skills/resources) than their numbers.

Answer

Nowadays, more emphasis is given to human skills than their numbers.

Question 2

In 2011, the density of population of India was ............... (382/250) persons per square kilometre.

Answer

In 2011, the density of population of India was 382 persons per square kilometre.

Question 3

The sex ratio of India ............... (increased/decreased) between 1901 and 2011.

Answer

The sex ratio of India decreased between 1901 and 2011.

Question 4

People who have education, training and sufficient work experience are called ............... (skilled/unskilled) human resources.

Answer

People who have education, training and sufficient work experience are called skilled human resources.

Read the clues and write the answers

Question 1

An area that has sparse population

Answer

Hilly Area

Question 2

The number of females per 1000 males

Answer

Sex ratio

Question 3

The life expectancy at birth in 2011

Answer

65

Question 4

A labourer is an example of this

Answer

Unskilled Human Resources

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

Human beings are the most important resource on the earth.

Answer

Human beings have the capability to discover, exploit, develop and convert natural resources into useful articles. Thus, they add value to the natural resources and hence are the most important resource on the earth.

Question 2

The death rate has gone down while the life expectancy at birth has increased.

Answer

The death rate has gone down while the life expectancy at birth has increased because of better public health, prevention of infectious diseases and availability of modern medical techniques in diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Answer these questions

Question 1(a)

Define Human Resources.

Answer

The people living in a country or region are called the human resources.

Question 1(b)

Mention two factors on which human skills depend.

Answer

Two factors on which human skills depend are:

  1. The people must be literate. They should posses technical, vocational and professional skills.
  2. The people should be provided with proper environment and machines to work effectively.

Question 2(a)

Name the states where about half of the total population of India live.

Answer

The states where about half of the total population of India live are:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Bihar
  • West Bengal
  • Andhra Pradesh

Question 2(b)

What are the factors responsible for moderate density of population in an area?

Answer

The factors responsible for moderate density of population in an area are:

  1. Moderate Rainfall
  2. Comparatively less fertile soil

Question 3(a)

Mention two factors responsible for low and declining sex ratio in India.

Answer

Two factors responsible for low and declining sex ratio in India are:

  1. Males get preferential treatment, while females are neglected. This results in higher female mortality.
  2. Female infanticide is practised

Question 3(b)

Name the state with the highest sex ratio.

Answer

Kerala.

Question 4(a)

Name two components that help in the growth and development of human resources.

Answer

Two components that help in the growth and development of human resources are:

  1. Health
  2. Education

Question 4(b)

How does education help in the development of human resources?

Answer

Education is a very important and essential component of human development. The capability of human beings improves, when they are properly and suitably educated. The investment in educating the people can make or convert them into rich human resources. The educated persons can suitably contribute to the growth and development of family, society and country. Education can help people to make better use of natural resources and convert the raw materials into wealth.

Question 5(a)

Why have the central and state governments started to lay emphasis on skill development?

Answer

The central and state governments started to lay emphasis on skill development of the youths so as to help them secure a better livelihood. Only skilled work force can effectively use the natural resources in a systematic and proper manner.

Question 5(b)

Mention three impacts of skilled human resources on socio-economic development in India.

Answer

Three impacts of skilled human resources on socio-economic development in India are:

  1. They have the capability and capacity to use the natural resources in the best possible way.
  2. They can develop techniques for the sustainable use of various natural resources.
  3. The skilled people can establish industries, which not only helps in economic growth, but also create employment opportunities for others.
PrevNext