KnowledgeBoat Logo
OPEN IN APP

Chapter 4

Agriculture

Class 6 - Veena Bhargava Geography Solutions


Tick the right option

Question 1

In plantation farming farmers grow

  1. rice
  2. cotton
  3. rubber
  4. wheat

Answer

rubber

Question 2

Rice is grown in the

  1. drier regions
  2. wet regions
  3. polar regions
  4. none of these

Answer

wet regions

Question 3

In commercial farming farmers use

  1. small land
  2. modern tools
  3. less capital
  4. all of these

Answer

modern tools

Question 4

Extensive farming is practised in areas with

  1. high population
  2. Less population
  3. Medium population
  4. None of these

Answer

Less population

Question 5

Type of farming in which the farmer produces crops for sale usually for world markets.

  1. mixed farming
  2. extensive commercial farming
  3. plantation farming

Answer

extensive commercial farming

Question 6

Monoculture of wheat is the most dominant cropping pattern in this type of farming

  1. organic farming
  2. commercial farming
  3. plantation farming

Answer

commercial farming

Question 7

This type of farming is practiced around the Mediterranean region.

  1. intensive commercial farming
  2. subsistence farming
  3. mixed farming

Answer

intensive commercial farming

Question 8

In plantation farming the main crops grown are

  1. rice and wheat
  2. pulses and millets
  3. rubber and coffee

Answer

rubber and coffee

Question 9

It is not a measure adopted under Green Revolution

  1. rural electrification
  2. fragmentation of holdings
  3. improved rural infrastructure
  4. irrigation

Answer

fragmentation of holdings

Question 10

Harmful impact of Green Revolution

  1. polluted groundwater
  2. use of HYV seed
  3. land reforms
  4. use of insecticides

Answer

polluted groundwater

Question 11

Crops which are not grown as food crops but for sale to earn profit are known as:

  1. cash crops
  2. food crops
  3. Rabi crops
  4. Zayad crops

Answer

cash crops

Question 12

Which is not an advantage of transplantation?

  1. well developed shoot system
  2. seedling at right spacing
  3. wastage of seeds

Answer

wastage of seeds

Question 13

Fine plucking is related to

  1. cotton
  2. coffee
  3. tea
  4. rubber

Answer

tea

Question 14

Method of cultivation where seeds are dropped in regular intervals in furrows.

  1. dibbling
  2. drilling
  3. transplantation
  4. broadcasting

Answer

dibbling

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

............... agriculture is carried out in most parts of India.

Answer

Subsistence agriculture is carried out in most parts of India.

Question 2

............... crop is called a plantation crop.

Answer

Tea crop is called a plantation crop.

Question 3

............... type of agriculture was carried out in north-east India.

Answer

Shifting type of agriculture was carried out in north-east India.

Question 4

The northern plains of USA are famous for growing ............... .

Answer

The northern plains of USA are famous for growing wheat.

Question 5

............... is a cash crop.

Answer

Jute is a cash crop.

Differentiate between

Question 1

Subsistence farming and commercial farming

Answer

Sl.
No.
Subsistence farmingCommercial farming
1.Subsistence farming is done by the farmer for self and family consumption.Commercial farming is done by farmer for sale in world market.
2.Subsistence farming is done on a very small scale on a small piece of land.Commercial farming is done on greater area of land.
3.Subsistence farming is done with simple techniques, family labour.Commercial farming is done with the help of developed machinery and less labourers.

Question 2

Food crops and cash crops

Answer

Sl.
No.
Food cropsCash crops
1.Food crops are grown for consumption as food.Cash crops are grown to serve as raw material for different industries.
2.Generally intensive type of agriculture is practised.They are grown mainly for export and grown by extensive farming.
3.Example: Rice, Wheat, pulsesExample: Jute, sugarcane

Question 3

Extensive farming and intensive farming

Answer

Sl.
No.
Extensive farmingIntensive farming
1.Extensive farming is done on larger area of land.Intensive farming is done on smaller land holdings.
2.Land may be left fallow for a year or two to enable it to regain its fertility.Land is not left fallow and more than one crop are taken in an year.
3.Extensive farming is followed in area were more land is available and population is less.Intensive farming is done in densely populated areas.
4.Less labour is employed.More domestic labour is used.

Answer in brief

Question 1

What is subsistence farming? State two features of this type of farming.

Answer

Subsistence farming is a type of farming that aims to cultivate crops for consumption by the farmer and his family. The farmer has a small piece of land on which he and his family works. Two features of this type of farming are:

  1. It is characterised by the use of simple techniques, family labour and a poor standard of living.
  2. Any surplus crop could be exchanged for goods or stored for future use in times of poor harvest.

Question 2

Name two areas where commercial farming is practised. What are the advantages of commercial farming? Explain the types of commercial farming.

Answer

Two areas where commercial farming is practised are

  1. United States
  2. Egypt

The advantages of commercial farming are:

  1. Highly mechanised.
  2. Employs less labour.
  3. Provides the lowest cost of production.
  4. Creates employment opportunities for local people.

Commercial farming is of two types

  1. Extensive commercial farming — It implies employment of greater area of land in proportion to capital and labour. Land may be left fallow for a year or two to enable it to regain its fertility. The method may be somewhat wasteful and the yield per hectare may be less.
  2. Intensive commercial farming — Intensive commercial farming is practised where farm land is of high value. Population pressure reduces the size of individual holdings, as is the case in the delta regions of the great rivers of Asia. This type of farming has, therefore, developed mainly in the densely populated countries with limited arable land.

Question 3

What type of crops/plants are grown in plantation farming? Mention two characteristics of plantation farming.

Answer

Plantation crops are those which are cultivated on extensive scale like tea, coffee and rubber.

Two characteristics of plantation farming are:

  1. These crops are not consumed for food.
  2. They are grown for sale in distant markets, rather than for local consumption.

Question 4

Define Green Revolution. How did it help in agricultural development? What are its drawbacks?

Answer

Green Revolution refers to the global increase in agricultural productivity that was brought by introduction of chemical fertilizers, synthetic herbicides and pesticides, high-yield crops, and the method of multiple cropping. It helped the agriculture industry to produce much larger quantities of food. This increase in productivity made it possible to feed the growing human population.

The drawbacks of Green Revolution are:

  1. The Green Revolution used a lot of chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
  2. These chemicals were very toxic and not safe for humans and other organism.
  3. The use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide created lot of pollution.
  4. Excessive use of fertilizers made soil alkaline and unfit for cultivation.
  5. Chemical fertilisers polluted groundwater.

Question 5

Write short note on the benefits of the Green Revolution.

Answer

Green Revolution in late sixties brought a turning point in agriculture. As a result the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically. This increase in productivity made it possible to feed the growing human population. There was introduction of High yielding Varieties of crop seeds. This helped a lot to prevent starvation in many developing countries. The Green Revolution also improved the rural infrastructure and brought about rural electrification.

Give reasons

Question 1

Farmers use traditional tools in subsistence farming.

Answer

Subsistence farming is done on a small piece of land to support the farmer and his family. Since the land is small and farmer has poor standard of living, only traditional tools are used in subsistence farming.

Question 2

Plantation farming is labour intensive.

Answer

Plantation farming is done on a very extensive scale. The size of plantation estates is generally very large. Hence, it is labour intensive.

Question 3

The Green Revolution brought a significant change in farming.

Answer

The Green Revolution was a turning point in agriculture. It led to the increase in global productivity. It brought many changes in farming which led to increase in productivity. These changes were:

  • introduction of High Yielding Varieties
  • use of chemical fertilizers
  • Use of synthetic herbicides and pesticides
PrevNext