KnowledgeBoat Logo
OPEN IN APP

Chapter 5 - Unit 1

Spreadsheet - An Introduction: Fundamentals of Spreadsheet

Class 7 - APC Understanding Computer Studies


Fill in the blanks

Question 1

The extension of a workbook in MS Excel is .xlsx by default.

Question 2

A file, which contains a number of worksheets is called workbook.

Question 3

The smallest unit of a worksheet is called cell.

Question 4

A cell is referred as column letter followed by a row number.

Question 5

When you click on Print option (in MS Excel 2010) it displays the Print Preview of a worksheet.

State True or False

Question 1

You can't close an active worksheet without saving the cell contents.
False

Question 2

The extension of a workbook you may or may not write while saving.
True

Question 3

Columns are the horizontal lines in a worksheet.
False

Question 4

A cell E10 means column E and 10th row.
True

Question 5

Save As option doesn't ask the file name from the user while saving.
False

Name the following

Question 1

It stores few short cut buttons that are frequently used.

Answer

Quick Access Toolbar

Question 2

This button displays all the frequently used tasks related to the application.

Answer

File button

Question 3

It shows the cell address of the active cell.

Answer

Name box

Short Answer Questions

Question 1

What is a spreadsheet?

Answer

Spreadsheet is a large sheet which contains data and information. It is a grid of rows and columns and is also called a worksheet. A computer spreadsheet is also known as Electronic spreadsheet. It is used for analyzing and evaluating data represented in tabular form.

Question 2

What is the significance of Undo and Redo button?

Answer

The Undo feature can quickly correct mistakes that we make in a worksheet. When we want to reverse our last action in a worksheet, we click on 'Undo' button.

The Redo button lets us perform the previous task by using 'Undo'. It changes in response to whatever action we just took. The 'Redo' button becomes active whenever we use 'Undo' button.

Question 3

Define the following terms

  1. Worksheet
  2. Workbook
  3. Cell
  4. Active cell
  5. Formula bar

Answer

Worksheet — Each page of a workbook is called worksheet. The active worksheet is displayed in the window. The default worksheets are sheet 1, sheet 2, sheet 3.

Workbook — Workbook is a file, which contains a number of worksheets. By default, three worksheets are present in a workbook. You can add or remove worksheets from a workbook as per the requirement.

Cell — A cell is the smallest unit of the worksheet, which is formed at the intersection of a row and a column. Each cell has its own cell address for reference. The address of the cell consists of the column letter followed by the row number.

For example, Cell F4 means column F and row 4.

Active cell — The cell in which cell pointer is located in a worksheet is the active cell. It has a dark boundary around it. It is also known as the cell. We can move cell pointer to make any other cell active either with the help of arrow keys of the keyboard or by using mouse.

Formula bar — It is used to write formulae to perform different mathematical and logical tasks.

Perform these Mathematical Task on a Spreadsheet

Question 1

To find the product of first five odd numbers

Answer

=(1 * 3 * 5 * 7 * 9)

Question 2

To find the sum of 87, 89, 91, 66

Answer

=(87 + 89 + 91 + 66)

Question 3

Subtract 999 from 1000

Answer

=(1000 - 999)

Question 4

To show the result of dividing 612 by 6

Answer

=(612 / 6)

Question 5

To calculate the average of 87, 91, 88, 78, 90

Answer

=AVERAGE(87, 91, 88, 78, 90)

Long Answer Questions

Question 1

What are the advantages of an electronic spreadsheet?

Answer

The advantages of an electronic spreadsheet are as follows:

  1. By default, it creates the arrangement of data into columns and rows called cells.
  2. The data that is input into the spreadsheet can be either in the form of numbers, strings or formulae.
  3. The inbuilt programs allow you to change the appearance of the spreadsheet, including the column width, row height, font color and color of the spreadsheet very easily.
  4. You can choose to work with or print a whole spreadsheet or specify a particular area, called a range.
  5. MS Excel spreadsheet enhances to analyze large amounts of data with the help of powerful tools.

Question 2

Mention three limitations of a manual spreadsheet.

Answer

Three limitations of a manual spreadsheet are as follows:

  1. We need to draw rows and columns on the paper to begin our task.
  2. It is time consuming.
  3. Its size is fixed, the number of rows and columns cannot be changed easily.

Question 3

Enlist the features of an electronic spreadsheet.

Answer

The features of an electronic spreadsheet are as follows:

  1. MS Excel is easy to learn and thus, it does not require any specialised training programme.
  2. MS Excel basically provides an electronic spreadsheet where all the calculations can be done automatically through built-in programs.
  3. Spreadsheets are required mainly for tabulation of data. It minimizes manual work and provides high degree of accuracy in results.
  4. It also provides multiple copies of the spreadsheets.
  5. To perfrom the basic Mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication or division to produce numeric results, we use arithmetic operators like +,-,*,/.
  6. It presents the information in the form of charts and graphics.
  7. MS Excel is able to sort the data in either ascending or descending order very easily.
  8. MS Excel also allows you to add password to a workbook. It avoids any kind of unauthorised access to the data.

Question 4

Write down the main steps to perform the following tasks with reference to MS Excel:

(a) To create a new workbook
(b) To save a workbook
(c) To print a workbook

Answer

(a) To create a new workbook

To create a new workbook, follow these steps:

Step 1: Click 'File' tab from the menu bar.

Step 2: Select 'New' from the drop-down list.

Step 3: Select 'Blank Workbook' followed by 'Create' that is located on the right side of the window.

The new workbook will be created and opened.

(b) To save a workbook

To save a workbook, follow these steps:

Step 1: Click 'File' button and a sub menu displays on the screen.

Step 2: Click 'Save As' option from the drop down list. Save As dialog box appears on the screen.

Step 3: Choose the location where you want to save your file.

Step 4: Enter the filename in the box provided.

Step 5: Click 'Save' button.

Thus, the workbook will be saved.

(c) To print a workbook

To print a workbook, follow these steps:

Step 1: Select the file and open it in MS Excel.

Step 2: Click 'File' and then 'Print' from the drop-down menu. The right side of the window area shows the print preview and left adjacent part shows the printing parameters. The different parameters are:

  1. Printer — Select the printer that is connected to your system.
  2. Settings —
    a) Select the option 'Print entire workbook'
    b) Specify the page orientation i.e., Portrait or Landscape. Default setting is Portrait.
    c) Specify the number of copies required.

Step 3: Finally, click 'Print' button.

The workbook will be printed.

PrevNext