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Term 2 — Chapter 2

India — Location and Physical Features

Class 8 - Around the World Geography Solutions


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Question 1

Study Map 2.1 (given below) and answer these questions.

Study Map 2.1 and answer these questions. Name all the bordering states of Madhya Pradesh. Name the states that have a common land boundary with Myanmar. Name the neighbouring countries that lie to the west and east of Sikkim. Which island group lies in the Bay of Bengal? What is its capital? The Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is located in the (western/eastern) coast of India. India Location & Physical Features, Around the World Geography Solutions ICSE Class 8.
  1. Name all the bordering states of Madhya Pradesh.
  2. Name the states that have a common land boundary with Myanmar.
  3. Name the neighbouring countries that lie to the west and east of Sikkim.
  4. Which island group lies in the Bay of Bengal? What is its capital?
  5. The Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is located in the (western/eastern) coast of India.

Answer

  1. The bordering states of Madhya Pradesh are:

    1. Gujarat
    2. Rajasthan
    3. Uttar Pradesh
    4. Chhattisgarh
    5. Maharashtra
  2. The states that have a common land boundary with Myanmar are:

    1. Arunachal Pradesh
    2. Nagaland
    3. Manipur
    4. Mizoram
  3. The neighbouring countries that lie to the west and east of Sikkim are:

    1. Nepal (to the west)
    2. Bhutan (to the east)
  4. The island group that lies in the Bay of Bengal is Andaman and Nicobar islands. Its capital is Port Blair.

  5. The Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is located in the western coast of India.

Quick Quiz 1

Question 1

(Argentina/Australia) is smaller than India in area.

Answer

Argentina is smaller than India in area.

Question 2

Which latitude passes through the middle of India?

Answer

The Tropic of Cancer (23 1⁄2° N) passes through the middle of India.

Question 3

Sikkim is the smallest state. True or false?

Answer

False
Goa is the smallest state.

Question 4

India can be divided into how many physical divisions? Name them.

Answer

India can be divided into five physical divisions. They are:

  • The northern mountains
  • The northern plains
  • The peninsular plateaus
  • The coastal plains
  • The islands

Question 5

The Banihal pass is in the ............... Range.

Answer

Pir Panjal Range

Tick the correct answers

Question 1

The southernmost limit of the mainland of India is at

  1. 8° 4' S
  2. 5° 40' N
  3. 8° 4' N
  4. 37° 6' N

Answer

8° 4' N

Question 2

Which of these states was created in the latest reorganisation of states?

  1. Uttarakhand
  2. Jharkhand
  3. Chhattisgarh
  4. Telangana

Answer

Telangana

Question 3

In which state is the Great Indian Desert located?

  1. Rajasthan
  2. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Odisha
  4. Karnataka

Answer

Rajasthan

Question 4

The Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats meet at the ............... hills.

  1. Jaintia
  2. Rajmahal
  3. Mahadeo
  4. Nilgiri

Answer

Nilgiri

Question 5

Which of these islands is the largest island of Lakshadweep group of islands?

  1. Amindivi
  2. Minicoy
  3. Kavaratti
  4. Agatti

Answer

Minicoy

Write True or False

Question 1

Indira Point is the southern most tip of the Indian mainland.

Answer

False

Reason — Cape Comorin near Kanniyakumari is the Southernmost tip of the mainland of India. Indira Point is the southern most tip of the whole country.

Question 2

India has 29 states and seven Union Territories.

Answer

False

Reason — India has 28 States and eight Union Territories.

Question 3

The northern plains are located between the Himalayas and the coastal plains.

Answer

False

Reason — The northern plains lie towards the south of the northern mountains (i.e., The Himalayas).

Question 4

River Narmada separates the central highlands from the Deccan Plateau.

Answer

True

Question 5

The kayals are mostly found along the Coromandel coast.

Answer

False

Reason — The kayals are mostly found along the Malabar coast.

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

The region occupied by India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh is called Indian subcontinent.

Answer

India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh are separated from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan mountain ranges and has a distinct geographical identity. That is why this region is called the Indian subcontinent.

Question 2

The Rajasthan Plain is an area of inland drainage.

Answer

The Rajasthan Plain is an area of inland drainage as it has a number of short seasonal streams which are unable to reach the sea.

Answer the following

Question 1(a)

What is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India?

Answer

The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India are:

Latitudinal extent — 8° 4' N to 37° 6' N

Longitudinal extent — 68° 7' E to 97° 25' E

Question 1(b)

Name the southernmost tip of India. Where is it located?

Answer

The southernmost tip of India is Indira Point. It is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Question 2(a)

Name the countries with whom India share a common land boundary.

Answer

The countries with whom India share a common land boundary are:

  • Afghanistan
  • Pakistan
  • China
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Bangladesh
  • Myanmar

Question 2(b)

Which water body separates India and Sri Lanka?

Answer

The water body that separates India and Sri Lanka is Palk Strait.

Question 2(c)

Name the largest state of India.

Answer

Rajasthan is the largest state of India.

Question 3(a)

Name two glaciers in the Karakoram Mountains.

Answer

Two glaciers in the Karakoram Mountains are:

  1. Baltoro
  2. Siachen

Question 3(b)

What are duns? In which range are they found?

Answer

Narrow valleys are called duns. They are found in the Shiwalik range.

Question 3(c)

Where are the Purvanchal Ranges found?

Answer

The Purvanchal Ranges are found along the eastern boundary of India.

Question 4(a)

How are the Northern plains formed?

Answer

The Northern plains are made up of fine silt brought by the rivers which come from the Himalayas and the central highlands.

Question 4(b)

What is River Brahmaputra known in Tibet?

Answer

The River Brahmaputra is known as Tsangpo in Tibet.

Question 4(c)

Mention three advantages of the northern plains?

Answer

The three advantages of the northern plains are:

  • A flat surface for building roads and railways.
  • New deposits of alluvium every year.
  • A favourable climate for round-the-year farming.

Question 5(a)

Name three plateaus which form the central highlands.

Answer

Three plateaus which form the central highlands are:

  • Bundelkhand
  • Baghelkhand
  • Malwa

Question 5(b)

Name the highest peak of the Deccan Plateau.

Answer

Anai Mudi is the highest peak of the Deccan Plateau.

Question 6(a)

Write two differences between the Western Coastal Plain and the Eastern Coastal Plain.

Answer

Sl.
No.
Western Coastal PlainEastern Coastal Plain.
1.Western Coastal Plain stretches from Rann of Kachchh in the north to Kanniyakumari in the south.Eastern Coastal Plain stretches from the mouth of river Ganga in the north to Kanniyakumari in south.
2.Western Coastal Plain is a narrow coastal plain.Eastern Coastal Plain is wider than the Western Coastal Plain.

Question 6(b)

Name the water body that separates Andaman islands from Nicobar islands.

Answer

The water body that separates Andaman islands from Nicobar islands is Ten Degree Channel.

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