KnowledgeBoat Logo
OPEN IN APP

Term 1 — Chapter 2

Migration

Class 8 - Around the World Geography Solutions


Get Set

Question 1

Like human beings, animals also migrate. Animals migrate over long distances in search of food, a suitable climate or to mate. Read the clues and identify these migrating animals. Then fill in the blanks with correct answers from the box.

Arctic tern, red crab, wildebeest

  1. This animal migrates from the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania to the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya, between July and August in search of green pastures.
  2. This bird migrates from the northern polar region to the Antarctic coast and back to escape the harsh winters.
  3. This crustacean migrates from the forest to the coasts of Christmas Island in Australia between October and November to breed.

Answer

  1. Wildebeest
  2. Arctic tern
  3. Red crab

Quick Quiz 1

Question 1

The movement of people for the purpose of tourism is considered as migration.
True or false?

Answer

False

Reason — The movement of people for the purpose of settling down is called migration.

Question 2

What is internal migration?

Answer

The migration that takes place within the same country is called internal migration.

Question 3

Give an example of urban to rural migration in the context of developing countries.

Answer

Migration of retired personnel to settle in their native village.

Question 4

A person who has migrated from India to Canada is called an ............... in Canada.

Answer

Immigrant

Question 5

The factors that attract migrants to new areas are called the (push/pull) factors.

Answer

pull

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

Migration from ............... to ............... areas is common in developing countries.

Answer

Migration from rural to urban areas is common in developing countries.

Question 2

Unemployment and poverty are the ............... factors for migration.

Answer

Unemployment and poverty are the push factors for migration.

Question 3

The proportion of elderly population in places of out-migration is ............... .

Answer

The proportion of elderly population in places of out-migration is high.

Question 4

Kerala receives ............... from the international migrants.

Answer

Kerala receives remittances from the international migrants.

Question 5

Shortage of skilled professionals in the country of origin is an impact of ............... .

Answer

Shortage of skilled professionals in the country of origin is an impact of emigration .

Match the columns

Question 1

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.migration for businessa person who leaves her/his country to settle elsewhere
2.refugeesinhabited by French immigrants
3.emigranthuman capital flight
4.Quebecmigrate due to war
5.brain drainurban to urban migration

Answer

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.migration for businessurban to urban migration
2.refugeesmigrate due to war
3.emigranta person who leaves her/his country to settle elsewhere
4.Quebecinhabited by French immigrants
5.brain drainhuman capital flight

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

The movement of nomads is not considered migration.

Answer

The movement of nomads is not considered migration because their movement is in search of food for their families and cattle. They have no intention to settle down in the new place.

Question 2

High sex ratio is found in the place of origin of migrants.

Answer

High sex ratio is found in the place of origin of migrants because generally young male population migrate in search of employment resulting in decrease of male population as compared to female population.

Answer these questions

Question 1(a)

Define migration.

Answer

Migration is the movement of people from one territory to another or within the same territory with the intention to settle down.

Question 1(b)

Distinguish between internal and external migration.

Answer

Sl.
No.
Internal migrationExternal migration
1.The migration that takes place within the same country is called internal migration.The migration of people from one country to other is called external migration.
2.Types of Internal migration are: rural to urban, urban to rural, rural to rural and urban to urban area.Types of External migration are emigration and immigration
3.For example: migration of labourers from Bihar to Mumbai.For example: migration of people from India to USA.

Question 2(a)

Name the different types of internal migration.

Answer

Types of Internal migration are:

  1. Rural to urban migration
  2. Urban to rural migration
  3. Rural to rural migration
  4. Urban to urban migration

Question 2(b)

Why do people migrate from rural to urban areas?

Answer

People migrate from rural to urban areas in search of better job opportunities, better education facilities, health services and basic amenities.

Question 3(a)

What is meant by push factors in migration?

Answer

The factors that force people to move to other areas leaving their native place are called push factors in migration. For example, unemployment and shortage of food are the push factors that cause migration of people.

Question 3(b)

State three push factors responsible for migration.

Answer

Three push factors responsible for migration are:

  1. Overpopulation
  2. Religious or social oppression
  3. Unemployment

Question 4(a)

Mention two impacts of migration on social structure.

Answer

Two impacts of migration on social structure are:

  1. Migration leads to a change in the racial and cultural composition of the population in the place of destination. The migrants are good agents of social change as they bring new ideas related to technologies, family planning, girl child education and other social issues.
  2. In some areas, the different ethnic groups are not able to adjust with each other and may often engage in conflict.

Question 4(b)

Explain how the migrants impact the political system.

Answer

The migrants are often an important factor in deciding the political future of a country. The presence of migrants can help in improving the relations between the sending and the receiving countries. Migrants also constitute an important vote bank for the political parties.

Question 5(a)

Define brain drain.

Answer

Brain drain refers to a situation when highly qualified and skilled people emigrate to work and settle permanently in another country that provides them better employment opportunities.

Question 5(b)

Mention three pull factors that cause brain drain.

Answer

Three pull factors that cause brain drain are:

  1. High level of industrial development.
  2. Availability of high quality jobs.
  3. High salary.

Question 5(c)

How are remittances useful?

Answer

The remittances that the migrants send home adds to the economic prosperity of their families. They are also a major source of foreign exchange for the source countries.

PrevNext