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Civics — Chapter 5

Agencies of the UN

Class 8 - Effective History & Civics Solutions


Fill in the blanks

Question 1

The specialised agencies of the UN work under the supervision of UN Economic and Social Council.

Question 2

April 7 is celebrated as the World Health Day every year.

Question 3

The ILO seeks to promote social justice and labour rights.

Question 4

UNICEF was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1965 for its pioneering activities.

Question 5

UNESCO aims at preserving cultural heritage of different countries of the world.

Answer the following questions

Question 1

Give the full forms of UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, ILO.

Answer

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.

UNICEF - United Nations International Children's Fund.

WHO - World Health Organisation.

ILO - International Labour Organisation

Question 2

Mention three objectives of the specialised agencies of the UN.

Answer

Three objectives of the specialised agencies of the UN are:

  1. To undertake developmental programmes of health and education.
  2. To look after global issues like poverty, overpopulation, environmental issues etc.
  3. To work for the welfare of workers.

Question 3

Give two educational and two scientific functions of the UNESCO.

Answer

Two educational functions of the UNESCO are:

  1. It lays stress on the education of girls and women.
  2. It provides financial assistance for the education of physically challenged children.

Two scientific functions of the UNESCO are:

  1. It organises seminars and conferences of scientists from various nations.
  2. It promotes research in the fields of geology, mathematics, physics and oceanography. It also finances engineering and technology schemes in the developing countries.

Question 4

From where do the specialised agencies of the UN obtain funds for carrying out its various projects?

Answer

The sources of funds of the specialised agencies of the UN are:

  1. Donations from governments of various countries, Non-Governmental Organisations and individuals.
  2. Sale of greeting cards, posters, books and periodicals, diaries and calendars.

Question 5

Mention three important functions of the UNICEF.

Answer

Three important functions of the UNICEF are:

  1. It works for the survival, health and well being of the children.
  2. It provides training to the health and sanitation personnel, teachers, nutritionists.
  3. It provides technical supplies and aids like pumps and pipes for bringing clean water to rural areas.

Question 6

What is the primary objective of the WHO?

Answer

The primary objective of the WHO is to attain "the highest possible level of health" for all.

Question 7

How does the ILO help the workers?

Answer

ILO helps the workers in the following ways:

  1. It helps in establishing international labour standards by setting minimum standards of labour rights like freedom of association, right to organise, collective bargaining, abolition of forced labour, equality of opportunity and treatment.
  2. It forms policies for improving the condition of the workers.
  3. It sets standards for wages and living conditions of the workers.
  4. It provides technical assistance and has adopted conventions which provide compulsory insurance against sickness, old age, death and payment of compensation to workers and their dependents in case of injury by accident and diseases.
  5. It offers opportunities to workers for studying and training in ILO's International Institute for Labour Studies at Geneva and the International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training at Turin, Italy.

Picture Study

Question 1

Study the picture and answer the following questions:

Study the picture and answer the questions. Identify the UN agency from the given logo. What is its primary objective? From where does this agency get its funds? List the functions of this UN agency. Agencies of the United Nations, Effective History and Civics Solutions ICSE Class 8.

(a) Identify the UN agency from the given logo. What is its primary objective?

(b) From where does this agency get its funds?

(c) List the functions of this UN agency.

Answer

(a) The given logo is of UNICEF. The primary objective of the UNICEF is to look after children's welfare, especially in the developing countries by providing low cost community services like maternal health, childcare, nutrition, immunisation, etc.

(b) UNICEF depends on the voluntary contributions from various governments, donations from private agencies, sale of greeting cards and funds raised through campaigns.

(c) The functions of UNICEF are:

  1. It works for the survival, health and well-being of the children.
  2. It provides training to the health and sanitation personnel, teachers, nutritionists.
  3. It provides technical supplies and aids like pumps and pipes for bringing clean water to rural areas.
  4. It helps children and mothers in emergencies, such as natural calamities and epidemics.
  5. It makes efforts to prevent diseases like tuberculosis, malaria, skin diseases, etc. and to immunise people against these diseases.
  6. It suppresses trafficking in children and women.
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