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Chapter 8

India: Geographical Features

Class 8 - Veena Bhargava Geography Solutions


Tick the correct option

Question 1

The Great Indian Desert is located in

  1. UP
  2. Rajasthan ✓
  3. Punjab
  4. Bihar

Question 2

The highest peak of Western Ghats

  1. Kanchanjunga
  2. Akhasi
  3. Jayantia
  4. Anaimudi ✓

Question 3

Uttarkhand was created from

  1. Punjab
  2. West Bengal
  3. Uttar Pradesh ✓
  4. Kerala

Question 4

India takes its standard time from the meridian

  1. 82½°E ✓
  2. 90°E
  3. 100°E
  4. 80°E

Question 5

The Kayals are found along the

  1. Northern areas
  2. Malabar coast ✓
  3. Konkan coast
  4. Coromandel coast

Answer in one word

Question 1

The ranges located along the eastern boundary of India.

Answer

Purvanchal range

Question 2

The plateau located to the south of great plains of India.

Answer

Peninsular Plateau

Question 3

A large land mass surrounded by water on three sides.

Answer

Peninsula

Question 4

A big geographical region forming a well-defined geographical unit.

Answer

Sub-continent

Question 5

The plain that extends from Sadiya in the east to Dhubri in the west.

Answer

The Brahmaputra plain

Write True or False against each of the following

Question 1

Mt. Everest is the highest peak in the world.
True

Question 2

All the rivers of peninsular plateau meet the Arabian Sea.
False

Question 3

India is situated in the temperate zone.
False

Question 4

The Tropic of Cancer passes through Madhya Pradesh.
True

Question 5

Cape Comorin is the southernmost part of India.
True

Match the following

Question 1

Column AColumn B
KutchhMarusthali
KathiawarDhrian
Great Indian DesertNorthern Arc
Shifting sand dunesGulf of Cambay
ShivaliksMt. Girnar

Answer

Column AColumn B
KutchhGulf of Cambay
KathiawarMt. Girnar
Great Indian DesertMarusthali
Shifting sand dunesDhrian
ShivaliksNorthern Arc

Answer the following questions in brief

Question 1

State the latitudinal extent of India.

Answer

The latitudinal extent of India is approximately 8°N to 37°N.

Question 2

Name the southernmost part of India.

Answer

Cape Camorin in Tamil Nadu near Kanniyakumari is the southernmost tip of India.

Question 3

Describe the location of India.

Answer

The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India is approximately 8°N to 37°N and 68°E to 97°E.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands extend further southwards and add to its latitudinal extent.

The north-south extent of mainland India from Kashmir in the north to Kanniyakumari in the south is 3214 km. Its west to east extent from Rann of Kutchh in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east is 2933 km. The length of the coastline along the peninsular India is about 6100 km.

The Tropic of Cancer (23½°N) passes through the middle of the country, dividing it into two latitudinal halves, north temperate and south tropical lands. It passes through the state of Madhya Pradesh, covering the longest distance.

Cape Camorin in Tamil Nadu near Kanniyakumari is the southernmost tip of India.

Question 4

What is meant by the term peninsula? Why India is called so?

Answer

The term peninsula means a tract of land having water on three sides.

The Indian plateau is called so because it is surrounded by water bodies on three sides-

  1. the Indian ocean in the south
  2. the Arabina sea in the west
  3. the Bay of Bengal in the east

Question 5

Name the countries which are included in Indian subcontinent.

Answer

India, along with its neighbouring countries, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives, is called the Indian subcontinent.

Question 6

Name the physical divisions of India.

Answer

The physical divisions of India include-

  1. The Himalayas
  2. Northern Plains
  3. Peninsular Plateau
  4. Coastal Regions
  5. Islands

Question 7

What is the westernmost limit and easternmost limit of Northern Arc.

Answer

The westernmost limit of Northern Arc is Nanga Parbat and the easternmost limit of Northern Arc is marked by Namcha Barwa.

Question 8

Name the hills included in Purvanchal.

Answer

The hills included in Purvanchal range are-

  1. Patkai Bum and Naga hills in the north
  2. Mizo hills in northwest
  3. Garo, Khasi and Jayantia hills in the centre

Question 9

Where is the Central Arid Zone Research Institute located? What is its objective?

Answer

The Central Arid Zone Research Institute is located in Jodhpur.

Its objectives are as follows:

  1. Basic and applied research on sustainable farming systems in the arid ecosystem.
  2. Repository of information on the state of natural resources and desertification processes.
  3. Livestock-based farming systems and range management practices for the chronically drought-affected areas.
  4. Generating and transferring location-specific technologies.

Question 10

How was Deccan plateau formed? Name the ranges included in the Deccan plateau.

Answer

The Deccan plateau is made up of lava flows which are several hundred metres thick.

The northern part of the Deccan has some minor ranges. They are Rajmahal, Mahadeo hills and Maikal range in Madhya Pradesh and Ajanta and Satmala hills in Maharashtra.

The Deccan plateau is triangular in shape and is flanked by the Western Ghats in the west and the Eastern Ghats in the east.

Question 11

Which is the highest peak in Western Ghats?

Answer

Anamudi in the Annamalai hills is the highest peak in Western Ghats.

Question 12

What is meant by Kayals? Where are they found?

Answer

Malabar coast has a number of lagoons and backwaters called Kayals.

Kayals are a special feature of Malabar coast in Kerala.

Question 13

Name the prominent lakes on the East Coast of India.

Answer

The prominent lakes on the East Coast of India are-

  1. Lake Chilika in Odisha
  2. Lake Kolleru and lake Pulicat in Andhra Pradesh
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