Meena loves to travel. Write the name of the country/place she has to go to if she wants to do these things. Choose from the box.
Sumatra, Gulmarg, Siberia, Turkey, Taklamakan
- Ski on the snow-covered slopes of a hill station in the Himalayas.
- See the cold desert located between the Kunlun Range, the Pamir Mountains and the Tien Shan in China.
- Enjoy the Mediterranean climate.
- Visit a wildlife reserve in the equatorial rainforest to see orangutans swing from the trees.
- See the world's largest coniferous forests.
Quick Quiz 1
Name the factors which affect the climate of Asia.
The factors which affect the climate of Asia are:
- Latitudinal extent
- Distance from the sea
- Physical features
- Ocean currents
During ............... season, a low pressure area develops over Central Asia.
Siberia receives less than 50 centimetres of rainfall in a year. True or False?
The (Gobi/Thar) Desert experiences mid-latitude desert climate.
South Korea experiences warm summers, cold winters and occasional destructive storms. Which type of climate is this?
China type climate
Complete the table
|2.||Northern coast of Asia|
|3.||Manchurian type of climate|
|4.||Hot Wet summers and cool, dry winters along with a marked rainy season.|
|5.||Gobi Desert and Mangolia|
|1.||Equatorial climate||Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the southern parts of Philippines||High temperature (average 30°C) throughout the year. Heavy convectional rainfall, accompanied by lightning and thunder.|
|2.||Tundra||Northern coast of Asia||Long and very cold winters, Short and cool summers. Low precipitation in the form of snow and sleet.|
|3.||Manchurian type of climate||North-east China, North Japan||Short warm summers, long cold winters. Moderate rainfall in summers and heavy snowfall in winters.|
|4.||Monsoon climate||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Combodia, Laos, Vietnam, southern China, parts of the Philippines and Sri Lanka.||Hot Wet summers and cool, dry winters along with a distinct rainy season.|
|5.||Mid-latitude desert climate||Gobi Desert and Mongolia||Hot summers with scanty rainfall and very cold winters. Precipitation in winter in the form of snow.|
Tick the correct answers
Which of these currents affects the climate of coastal Japan?
- Gulf Stream
October to mid-March is ............... in Asia.
Which of these countries experiences hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters?
- Sri Lanka
Which of these trees is found in the temperate forests?
The fur-bearing animals are mostly found in the
- Taiga region
- Desert region
- Steppe region
- Equatorial region.
Give reasons for the following
Most parts of Asia do not get rainfall during winter.
During october to mid-march, the sun shines over the southern hemisphere. Central Asia, which is at a great distance from the sea, becomes extremely cold and temperature drops below freezing point. This leads to the development of a high pressure area there. Thus, the cold and dry winds blow outward from this region. As a result, most parts of Asia do not get rainfall during winter.
Hardly any wildlife is found in the Mediterranean forests
Most of the forest land of the Mediterranean region have been cleared to provide land for agriculture. Therefore, hardly any wildlife is found in the Mediterranean forests.
Answer these questions
Why the cold, northern polar winds do not reach the southern parts of Asia?
The mountain ranges of Asia run in west-east direction. Thus, they form barriers and prevent the cold northern polar winds from reaching the southern parts.
What is the source of winter rain in the western parts of Asia.
The source of winter rain in the western parts of Asia are cyclones that originate in Mediterranean sea. These are known as western disturbances.
How are winter monsoon different from summer monsoon?
|Winter Monsoon||Summer Monsoon|
|1.||High pressure in central Asia causes winds to blow outwards. These winds pick up moisture and cause winter monsoon.||Low pressure in central Asia causes winds to blow inwards. These winds gather moisture from Indian ocean and Pacific ocean and cause Summer Monsoon.|
|2.||They cause rainfall in coastal regions of Japan, South-east Asia, South-east India and Sri Lanka.||They cause rainfall in southern part of Asia.|
|3.||They cause less rainfall.||They cause heavy rainfall.|
Name two areas that receive winter monsoon.
Two areas that receive winter monsoon are:
- Sri Lanka
Why is there a great difference between the day and night temperature in the tropical deserts?
There is a great difference between the day and night temperature in the tropical deserts due to rapid heating of land during the day and cooling at night.
Name three countries where temperate grassland climate is found.
Three countries where temperate grassland climate is found are:
Mention two characteristics of taiga climate.
Two characteristics of taiga climate are:
- Very cold and long winters and warm and short summers.
- Precipitation is low and mostly occurs in the form of snow. Very low rainfall occurs during the summer.
Name the animals found in the hot and cold deserts.
The animals found in hot and cold deserts are:
- Camel and Ass in hot deserts.
- Yak in cold deserts.
Name three trees that grow in the Mediterranean forests.
Three trees that grow in the Mediterranean forests are:
Mention the uses of the trees that grow in taiga forests.
The uses of the trees that grow in taiga forests are:
- The soft wood of trees are used as timber.
- They are used to make pulp, paper and rayon.