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Term 2 — Chapter 7

Australia — Location and Physical Features

Class 7 - Around the World Geography Solutions


Quick Quiz

Question 1

Australia, ............... and other neighbouring islands are together called Australasia.

Answer

Australia, New Zealand and other neighbouring islands are together called Australasia.

Question 2

Melbourne is the capital of Victoria. True or False?

Answer

True

Question 3

Name the capital of New South Wales.

Answer

The capital of New South Wales is Sydney.

Question 4

Name the highest peak of Australia. In which mountain range is it located?

Answer

The highest peak of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko. It is located in the Australian Alps.

Question 5

Nullarbor Plain is a part of which physical division?

Answer

Nullarbor Plain is a part of the coastal plains.

Tick the correct answer

Question 1

The word australis means

  1. northern
  2. southern
  3. eastern
  4. western

Answer

southern

Question 2

Which of these is not a state in Australia?

  1. Southern Australia
  2. Northern Territory
  3. Queensland
  4. Victoria

Answer

Southern Australia

Question 3

Which of these deserts is not in Australia?

  1. Great Victoria
  2. Great Sandy
  3. Gibson
  4. Gobi

Answer

Gobi

Question 4

Which of these drainage basins is not a part of the central lowland?

  1. Murray-Darling
  2. Carpentaria
  3. Nullarbor
  4. Lake Eyre

Answer

Nullarbor

Question 5

Which of these states faces water shortage due to scanty rainfall?

  1. Queensland
  2. South Australia
  3. Tasmania
  4. Victoria

Answer

Queensland

Question 6

The hired workers in a sheep station are called

  1. cowboys
  2. gauchos
  3. paddocks
  4. jackaroos

Answer

jackaroos

Match the columns

Question 1

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.South Australiasheep-rearing state
2.New South walesWorld Heritage Site
3.Great Dividing RangeAdelaide
4.Great Barrier Reefcentral lowlands
5.artesian wellseastern highlands

Answer

Sl.
No.
Column AColumn B
1.South AustraliaAdelaide
2.New South walessheep-rearing state
3.Great Dividing Rangeeastern highlands
4.Great Barrier ReefWorld Heritage Site
5.artesian wellscentral lowlands

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

Australia is separated from Indonesia by the ............... Sea.

Answer

Australia is separated from Indonesia by the Arafura Sea.

Question 2

The Lake Eyre basin is an area of ............... drainage.

Answer

The Lake Eyre basin is an area of inland drainage.

Question 3

The Great Barrier Reef is found along the ............... coast of Australia.

Answer

The Great Barrier Reef is found along the north-eastern coast of Australia.

Question 4

An ............... is found between two layers of hard non-porous rocks.

Answer

An aquifer is found between two layers of hard non-porous rocks.

Question 5

A sheep station is divided into ............... .

Answer

A sheep station is divided into paddocks.

Give reasons for the following

Question 1

The state boundaries in Australia are mostly straight lines.

Answer

The state boundaries in Australia are mostly straight lines as they do not follow any natural features like a mountain range or a river, except between Victoria and New South Wales.

Question 2

The water from artesian wells is not used for irrigation.

Answer

The water from artesian wells is not used for irrigation because it contains dissolved mineral salts.

Answer these questions

Question 1

What is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of Australia?

Answer

Australia is located in the southern hemisphere. It extends between 10°S latitude in the north and 44°S latitude in the south, and between 112°E longitude in the west and 154°E longitude in the east.

Question 2

Name the physical divisions of Australia. Write three features of the eastern highlands.

Answer

The physical divisions of Australia are:

  1. The western plateau
  2. The eastern highlands
  3. The central lowlands
  4. The coastal plain

Three features of the eastern highlands are:

  1. They run almost parallel to the eastern and South-eastern coasts.
  2. The eastern highlands have steep slopes on the eastern side and gentle slopes on the western side.
  3. Most of the rivers in Australia originate from the eastern highlands.

Question 3

Where is the Carpentaria lowland located? Write one important feature of this basin.

Answer

The Carpentaria lowland is located in the northern part of the central lowlands. One important feature of this basin is that it is the largest artesian basin in the world.

Question 4

Name two activities for which water from the artesian well is used.

Answer

Two activities for which water from the artesian well is used are:

  1. It is used to water cattle and sheep.
  2. It is supplied to towns for domestic use.

Question 5

How are coral reefs formed?

Answer

The coral reefs are formed by tiny animals, called corals, which live near the sea floor in the warm shallow waters of the tropical region. The corals secrete calcium carbonate, which on the death of coral polyps, remains clinging to the rock. As time passes a great ridge-like structure called coral reef is formed.

Question 6

Why are sheep reared in the Downs? Name two wool-trading centres in Australia.

Answer

Sheep are usually reared in areas where the average annual rainfall is about 40 cm, the summer temperature is between 21°C and 26°C, and the winter temperature is about 10°C. This type of climatic conditions are mostly found in the temperate grasslands, called Downs, in Australia. Moreover, short grasses, suitable for sheep, mostly grow in the Downs. That is why, sheep are mostly reared in the Downs.

The two wool-trading centres in Australia are:

  1. Sydney
  2. Melbourne
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