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Chapter 5


Class 7 - Veena Bhargava Geography Solutions

Tick the correct option

Question 1(a)

The port nearest to the Tata Steel Company is

  1. Mumbai
  2. Kolkata
  3. Chennai
  4. Visakhapatnam



Question 1(b)

Detroit is located in the state of

  1. Florida
  2. Ohio
  3. Virginia
  4. Michigan



Question 1(c)

Which is the leading shipbuilding yard in S.E. Asia?

  1. China
  2. Japan
  3. S. Korea
  4. Taiwan



Question 1(d)

The main raw material of iron & steel industry

  1. Copper
  2. Dolomite
  3. Zinc
  4. Silver



Question 1(e)

Bhilai steel plant was set up with the collaboration of

  1. USA
  2. Japan
  3. Russia
  4. China



Question 1(f)

Industries depending on animals for their supply of raw materials

  1. Animal-based
  2. Forest-based
  3. Agro-based
  4. Mineral-based



Question 1(g)

Public sector industries are those that are

  1. Managed and owned by individual industrialists
  2. Owned and controlled by state or central government
  3. Jointly managed by private firms
  4. Owned and controlled by NRI's


Owned and controlled by state or central government.

Question 1(h)

Which is not a leading producer of iron and steel industry in USA

  1. Alabama
  2. Pittsburgh
  3. Youngstown
  4. Poland



Question 1(i)

............... is located on the Detroit River connecting Lake Erie and lake St. Claire.

  1. Iron and steel
  2. Fishing
  3. Cotton textile
  4. Software


Iron and steel

Question 1(j)

Osaka being a leading centre for the large spinning mills is also known as

  1. Manchester of Japan
  2. Stretford of Japan
  3. Preston of Japan
  4. Liverpool of Japan


Manchester of Japan

Question 1(k)

Which is not a leading producer of sugar

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Bihar
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Gujarat



Question 1(l)

An important shipyard in Europe.

  1. Rotterdam
  2. Montreal
  3. Vishakhapatnam
  4. Kawasaki



Question 1(m)

Fishing ground in the North Sea

  1. Georges bank
  2. Dogger bank
  3. Grand bank
  4. Wind speed


Dogger bank

Question 1(n)

Most of IT companies of Bengaluru are located in

  1. Greenfield
  2. Whitefield
  3. Goldfield
  4. Copperfield



Question 1(o)

Ganga action plan was launched in which year?

  1. 1986
  2. 1987
  3. 1988
  4. 1989




Question 2

Fill in the blanks:

(a) Cuba is a major producer of ............... .

(b) Bengaluru is the chief centre of ............... industry.

(c) UK is known as ............... of modern textile industry.

(d) ............... is known as Manchester of Japan.

(e) The first successful textile mill was set up in ............... in ............... .


(a) Cuba is a major producer of Sugar

(b) Bengaluru is the chief centre of IT industry.

(c) UK is known as birth place of modern textile industry.

(d) Osaka is known as Manchester of Japan.

(e) The first successful textile mill was set up in Mumbai in 1954

Question 3

Match the following:

Column AColumn B
IBMIron and steel industry
AhmedabadInformation technology
Sugar industrySilicon Valley
USATextile industry


Column AColumn B
IBMInformation technology
AhmedabadTextile industry
DurgapurIron and steel industry
Sugar industryCuba
USASilicon Valley

Question 4

Write true and false for the following:

(i) Osaka is situated in South Asia.

(ii) The Tata Steel is situated in Mumbai.

(iii) Detroit is famous for automobile industry

(iv) The IT industry is situated in Jharkhand.

(v) Bengaluru is called IT capital of India.


(i) False
Corrected Statement — Osaka is situated in East Asia.

(ii) False
Corrected Statement — The tata steel is situated in Jamshedpur.

(iii) True

(iv) False
Corrected Statement — The IT industry is situated in Bengaluru.

(v) True

Question 5(a)

State any three raw materials required for iron and steel industry.


Three raw materials required for iron and steel industry are:

  1. Iron ore
  2. Limestone
  3. Dolomite

Question 5(b)

How industries pollute our water resources? State any one preventive measure.


Industrial waste is major source of water pollution. Various industries like chemicals, paper, tanning, dyeing, textiles, sugar, jute, etc. produce millions of tons of industrial waste, both in solid and liquid form. The entire waste is thrown into water bodies or in open low-lying areas. This waste affects the surface water as well as ground water.

The industrial waste should be collected from source and managed on scientific basis in order to prevent water pollution.

Question 5(c)

Name any two largest producer of cotton textile.


The two largest producer of cotton textile are:

  1. UK
  2. Japan

Question 5(d)

Why is cotton textile concentrated in Maharashtra and Gujarat?


The ideal geographical factors such as black soil, plenty of fresh water, transport facility and rich hinterland are some of the factors for the development of the cotton textile industry in the region of Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Question 5(e)

What are the key elements of information technology?


The key elements of information technology are hardware and software that are important to use computer to store, retrieve, transmit, manipulate data or information. It is done in context of business or other enterprises.

Question 5(f)

What is the difference between information technology and software industry?


Information technology is the use of computer to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data or information, often in the context of business or other enterprise. Whereas the software industry includes businesses for development, maintenance and publication of software that are using different business models.

Every software company is an IT company but every IT company may not be a software company. For example, a hardware company is an IT company but not a software company. IT company is the general term. It may be an IT service company or software product company.

Question 5(g)

State any three advantages of industrialisation.


Three advantages of industrialisation are

  1. It leads to an increase in per capita income and provide goods to meet high-income demands.
  2. It provides increasing avenues for employment of new skilled labour force.
  3. It improves national income and provides a higher standard of living for the general population.

Question 5(h)

What is the difference between Agro-based and mineral based industry? Give one example of each.


Agro-based industries are those industries which depend on agriculture for supply of their raw materials. E.g. Sugar industry.

Mineral-based industries are industries which receive their raw materials from minerals. E.g. Iron and Steel industry.

Question 5(i)

Where is the famous ship building yard located? Where is ship-building industry located in India?


The famous ship building yards are located in Chicago, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, New york, Hundai etc. In India, major shipyards are Vishakhapatnam, Kolkata and Mumbai.

Question 5(j)

Define mini steel plant.


Steel plants that do not do all the processes under one complex are known as mini-steel plants. They use scrap iron and spong iron which is easily available. They are decentralised secondary units. They use electric furnaces instead of blast furnaces.

Question 5(k)

State any three problems of sugar industries.


The sugar industry face challenges such as:

  1. Old and inefficient methods of production.
  2. Lack of efficient transportation.
  3. Fluctuations in the output of sugarcane due to erratic nature of monsoons.

Question 5(l)

Name the by-product of sugar industry with one use of each.


The by-products of the sugar industry are:

  1. Molasses — It is used in manufacture of fertilizer, DDT, power alcohol, synthetic rubber, plastic, rum, chemicals and cattle feed.
  2. Bagasse — It serves as raw material for paper industry. It is also used for making cardboard.
  3. Press mud — It is used for making wax, shoe polish and carbon paper.